Winter Solstice, also called “Dongzhi” in Chinese, is the 22nd of the 24 solar terms on the Chinese lunar calendar. On this day, the daytime is the shortest and the night is the longest. As an old saying goes, “Winter Solstice is as significant as the Spring Festival.” That's why winter solstice has another name, “Yasui”, which means second only to Spring Festival. And there are some customs of the winter solstice.
The winter solstice is an important festival for the Chinese nation in the winter. It is the most basic holiday custom for families to get together for dinner. If you are not in a city, you will call home to greet your family.
Eating dumplings is almost a tradition of households in the north, and people in the south is mainly to eat sweet dumplings which symbolize family unity and harmony. In the supermarket, flour dumpling powder is the best-selling in the winter solstice. If there are many people in the family, there will be more stuffed dumplings. Children will want to eat dumplings with candy or other interesting stuffing.
Some old people will go to the old home on the day of the winter solstice to memorize their ancestors. If it is not convenient to go back to their hometown, they will also be at home, make a small table, put some dumplings, wine, fruit etc.
It is said to have been come from Fan Wei, the general of the Han Dynasty. Eating more lamb, the first choice for winter diet in winter, is beneficial to the body and is effective to resist the cold. In some places in Shandong, drinking mutton soup in Winter Solstice is a local custom.
With the winter solstice beginning, the cold winter really begins. People begin to pay attention to diet rich in protein, carbohydrates, wearing warm clothes to improve their energy to resist the cold. Meanwhile, the folklore with romantic colors and these simple ancient customs prove that the history of the Chinese nation has a long history.